Friday, September 1st, 2017
Gordon Museum
CHAIR: Martin Kemp

08:00 - 08:30 Registration

08:30 - 09:00 Official Opening

09:00 - 09:40 Roberta Ballestriero (London) UAL - Gordon Museum. “From Flesh to Wax. The ‘ceroplastics body’ throughout history, science, religion and literature”

09:40 - 10:20 William G.J. Edwards (London) Gordon Museum. “The Gordon Museum; Wax models to Wifi; The UK’s exemplar of cutting edge Medical Education”

10:20 - 10:40 Coffee Break

10:40 - 11:20 Holly Trusted (London) Victoria and Albert Museum. “German waxes in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum”

11:20 - 12:00 Claudia Corti (Florence) La Specola - Florence University. “The ceroplastics collections of the La Specola of Florence”

12:00 - 13:00 Lunch

13:00 - 13:40 Christiane Druml (Vienna) Josephinum - Vienna University. “The anatomical wax models of the Josephinum in Vienna”

13:40 - 14:20 Fausto Barbagli (Florence) ANMS Italy, La Specola - Florence University. “Waxes and Enlightenment: the anatomy for the people”

14:20 - 14:40 Coffee Break

14:40 - 15:20 Francesco Maria Galassi (Zurich) Institute of Evolutionary Medicine - Zurich University. “Wax modelling at Bologna: an epic journey through morphology and pathology”

15:20 - 16:00 Francis Wells (Cambridge) Papworth Hospital. “Wax Anatomies: 3-D printing of the Enlightenment”

16:00 – 16:30 Video ‘Bologna – Redemption wax, Redemption flesh. Origin and evolution of the use of wax modeling for the studying and teaching of Anatomy at the University of Bologna’

16:30 Discussion – Chair Martin Kemp

17:30 Inauguration Exhibition in the Guy’s Chapel Crypt.

17:30 Jim Craig (London) Chaplain to Guy’s Campus KCL, Associate Priest at St George the Martyr

19:00 Buffet Dinner – Gordon Museum

Saturday, 2nd September 2017
Gordon Museum
“Healing the body” Conservation, restoration, methodology…
CHAIRS: William Edwards, Roberta Ballestriero

09:00 - 09:30 Valerie Kaufmann (London) Plowden & Smiths Ltd. “Restoration – some problems, some techniques”

09:30 - 10:00 Victoria Oakley (London) Victoria & Albert Museum. “Conservation of wax objects at the V&A”

10:00 - 10:30 Laura Speranza (Florence) Opificio delle Pietre Dure. “Cellini, Giambologna, Zumbo and their works in ceroplastics. The long experience of the Opificio delle Pietre Dure in Florence between methodology and experimentation”

10:30 - 10:50 Coffee break.

10:50 - 11:20 Chiara Gabbriellini (Florence) Opificio delle Pietre Dure. “Diagnostics, preservation and restoration of the main Italian collections of anatomical pathological and botanical waxes”

11:20 - 11:50 Johanna Lang (Munich) Technical University. “The so-called Anatomical Wax Cabinet at the German Hygiene-Museum Dresden. Past and present of a rare ensemble seen from the conservator’s point of view”

11:50 - 12:20 Martina Peters (Vienna) Josephinum - Vienna University. “The whole body standing models at the Josephinum – new challenges in the conservation”

12:20 - 13:30 Lunch

13:30 - 17:30 Accepted papers (15 minutes’ presentation) – 2 Parallel Sessions.

13:30 - 17:00 Pascale Pollier’s workshop “Anatomy of facial expression”

18:00 Anatomage Presentation

19:00 Congress Dinner – HMS Belfast

Sunday, 3rd September 2017
Gordon Museum
CHAIRS: Francis Wells, Francesco Maria Galassi

09:00 - 09:30 Ruth Richardson (London) “Jewels in the Crown at the Gordon Museum: Joseph Towne’s Extraordinary Anatomical Waxes”

09:30 – 10:00 Konrad Schlegel (Vienna) Kunsthistorisches Museum. “Julius von Schlosser and the collection of wax objects in the Kunstkammer of Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien”

10:00 - 10:30 Sharon Hecker (Milan) Independent Art Historian and Curator. “Flesh Not Too Solid: Medardo Rosso, Wax, and the Origins of Modern Sculpture”

10:30 - 10:50 Coffee Break

10:50 - 11:20 Stephen Mansfield (London) Principal Sculptor - Madame Tussauds/Merlin Magic Making. “‘Madame Tussauds... where the work in wax never wanes.’ A modern approach to a traditional art.”

11:20 - 11:50 Pascale Pollier (London) AEIMS European Medical Artists Association. “The body in Pieces”

11:50 - 12:20 Eleanor Crook (London) Gordon Museum - Ruskin School of Art, Oxford University. “Immortality wax. A volatile material”

12:20 - 13:30 Lunch

13:30 - 17:30 Accepted for papers (15 minutes’ presentation) – 2 Parallel Sessions.

13:30 - 17:30 Eleanor Crook (London) Wax Modelling demonstration

Accepted Papers
Saturday, 2nd September 2017 - Gordon Museum
CHAIRS: Roberta Ballestriero, William Edwards, Eleanor Crook
Theatre 1
Restoration / Conservation / Methodology

13:30 – 13:50 M. Ambrosi1, G. Pieraccini2, M. Galeotti3, C. Corti4, 1Department of Chemistry Ugo Schiff, University of Florence, 2Mass Spectrometry Center (CISM), University of Florence, 3Opificio delle Pietre Dure, 4Museum of Natural History of the University of Florence, Zoology Section ‘‘La Specola’’. ‘The anatomical wax models of the “La Specola” Museum: analysis of the degradation process’.

13:50 – 14:10 Sabina Carraro, Conservator-Restorer, Museum of Wax Moulages, University and University Hospital Zurich. ‘Broken, but not lost: Wax Moulage Restoration’.

14:10 – 14:30 Jenny K. Mathiasson, Clifton Conservation Service, Rotherham. ‘Jenny and the Giant Frog: A Conservator’s Thoughts on Coloured Wax’.

14:30 – 14:50 Shirin Afra, Freelance restorer at Opificio delle Pietre Dure of Florence. ‘The great skeleton by Clemente Susini, from the collection of the Museum of Natural History La Specola of Florence: structural solutions’.

14:50 – 15:10 Lora V. Angelova and Sonja Schwoll, The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey. ‘Keep it together – consolidation and storage solutions for wax seals’.

15:10 – 15:30 Nikki Harrison and Efstratia Verveniotou, Natural History Museum, London. ‘The Conservation of Insect Wax Models at The Natural History Museum’.

15:30 – 15:50 Coffee Break

History / Art History / Art

15:50 – 16:10 Marco Betti, Freelance historian at the Opificio delle Pietre Dure, Florence. ‘No mere teaching tools: Wax sculpture in Tuscany from the Medici through the early Lorraine dynasties’.

16:10 – 16:30 Michael Sticherling, Kay Grönhardt, Marc Saake, Department of Dermatology, University Hospitals Erlangen. Intertek Germany. Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Erlangen. ‘The art of moulaging in dermatology – a secretive art?’

16:30 – 16:50 Gabriela Sánchez Reyes, Coordinación Nacional de Monumentos Históricos-INAH. Mexico. ‘Forgotten Devotional Objects: A Review of Ceroplastic Reliquaries in Mexico. 17th to 19th Centuries’.

16:50 – 17:10 Pietro Conte, University of Lisbon. ‘Too true to be good?Phenomenological aesthetics put to the test by ceroplastics’.

17:10 – 17:30 Massimiliano Ghilardi, National Institute of Roman Studies, Rome. ‘Antonio Magnani and the invention of corpisanti in ceroplastic’.

Accepted Papers
Saturday, 2nd September 2017 - Gordon Museum
CHAIRS: Francis Wells, Francesco Maria Galassi, Pascale Pollier
Theatre 2
Science / Anatomy / Anatomical Collections

13:30 – 13:50 Karen Koka, Mayo Clinic W. Bruce Fye Center for the History of Medicine - Rochester, Minnesota, USA. ‘The Mayo Clinic Wax Models: An Introduction’.

13:50 – 14:10 Maria Carla Garbarino, Valentina Cani, Lidia Falomo Bernarduzzi, Paolo Mazzarello, University History Museum, University of Pavia. ‘The Wax Models of the University History Museum: a Composite Heritage Between Past and Present’.

14:10 – 14:30 Emanuele Armocida12, Nicolò Nicoli Aldini2, Alessandro Ruggeri23, University of Parma1, Società Italiana di Storia della Medicina2, University of Bologna3. ‘Giuseppe Astorri, wax modeler of the Bologna University, and his preparations on musculoskeletal apparatus. New investigations of an ancient heritage’.

14:30 – 14:50 Francesco Loy and Alessandro Riva, Museum of Clemente Susini’s anatomical waxes, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cagliari, Italy. ‘The Collection of Clemente Susini’s anatomical waxes in Cagliari: its historical, scientific, teaching and artistic value’.

14:50 – 15:10 Johanna Emmerling and Michael Sticherling, Department of Dermatology University Hospitals Erlangen, Germany. ‘Dermatological moulages in Germany – data on two representative collections’.

15:10 – 15:30 Francesca Monza, Department of Medicine and Ageing Sciences, D’Annunzio University of Chieti - Pescara. ‘The Florentine anatomical wax models in the collection of Antonio Scarpa’.

15:30 – 15:50 Coffee Break

15:50 – 16:10 Sinthusha Kandiah and Geoffroy PJC Noel, Division of Anatomical Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. ‘3D scanning and printing as a mean to preserve one of Adolf Ziegler collection of human embryology wax models for educational purposes’.

16:10 – 16:30 Fabio Zampieri and Alberto Zanatta University of Padua Medical School, ‘Ophthalmologic wax models as an educational tool for 18th century vision scientists’.

16:30 – 16:50 Rumy Hilloowala, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, West Virginia University, HSN, Morgantown, West Virginia, U.S.A. ‘Genesis of Florentine Anatomical Waxes / Theory of Irritability and Sensibility’.

16:50 – 17:10 W. Paul Brown, Adjunct Professor, Stanford University School of Medicine. ‘Manipulation of the 2-D & 3-D Digital data sets of the waxes of La Specola’.

17:10 – 17:30 Amy L. Ladd, W. Paul Brown, Robert A. Chase, Stanford University, “Italian Anatomical Waxworks – Physical and Virtual Teaching from Yesterday & Tomorrow’.

Accepted Papers
Sunday, 3rd September 2017 - Gordon Museum
CHAIRS: Pascale Pollier, Roberta Ballestriero
Theatre 1
Art / Artists / Materials / Technique

13:30 – 13:50 Marieke M.A. Hendriksen, Postdoctoral Researcher Artechne Project, Department of History and Art History, Utrecht University. ‘Learning how to model the flesh: the transmission of technical knowledge in writing, 1650-1850’.

13:50 – 14:10 Rebecca Stevenson, Artist, Specialist Technician (Foundry) at University of the Arts London. ‘Mutable Objects and Anti-Heroics’.

14:10 – 14:30 Cristin Millett, Embedded Faculty Researcher, Arts + Design Research Incubator Professor of Art, Sculpture Director of Graduate Studies School of Visual Arts, The Pennsylvania State University. ‘The Lure of Wax: Transdisciplinary Practices at the Intersection of Art and Medicine’.

14:30 – 14:50 Rebecca Martin, Historian, Science and Technology Studies, UCL. ‘Depictions of race in wax; now you see it, now you don’t’.

14:50 – 15:10 Merlin Strangeway, Medical Art Education Trust student. ‘The Stuff of Self: Modelling & Mapping the Brain’.

15:10 – 15:40 Coffee Break

15:40 – 16:00 Kimberly Johnson, Independent Scholar, St. Albert, Canada. ‘Wax: From Anatomical Sculpture to Contemporary Art’.

16:00 – 16:20 Lucy Mebarki, Artist, Luton. ‘Coloured Flesh Which Quivers: Wax as Conduit for Sensation and Emotion’.

16:20 – 16:40 Nina Sellars, Adjunct Lecturer, Department of Anatomy & Developmental Biology, Monash University, Melbourne, and Artist in Residence, SymbioticA, biological arts laboratory, The University of Western Australia. ‘Fat Venus’.

16:40 – 17:00 Maria Teresa Chadwick Irarrazaval, MA Art and Science, Central Saint Martins College, University of the Arts, London. ‘Recovering haptic sensitiveness through wax’.

17:00 – 17:20 Alejandro Padilla, University of Illinois at Chicago. ‘Anaplastology: The Art of Facial Prosthetics’.

Accepted Papers
Sunday, 3rd September 2017 - Gordon Museum
CHAIRS: Francis Wells, William Edwards
Theatre 2
Teaching / Education / Moulages

13:30 – 13:50 Richard Neave & Denise Smith, RN-DS-Partnership. UK. ‘Teaching Models of Abnormal Infants and some other subjects’.

13:50 – 14:10 Tannis Davidson, Curator Grant Museum of Zoology, University College London. ‘The Wax Supermodels of the Grant Museum’.

14:10 – 14:30 Kevin Petti, Professor, San Diego Miramar College. ‘Anatomia Italiana: Connecting Art and Anatomy in Italy.’

14:30 – 14:50 Melissa A. Carroll, Physical Therapy Program; DeSales University, Center Valley. ‘Mercury, Wax and Teaching Lymphatic Anatomy’.

14:50 – 15:10 Luisa Leonardi1,2, Matteo Bettuzzi3, Rosa Brancaccio3, Lucio Ildebrando Cocco2, Cristian Mancini2, Maria Pia Morigi3, Elios Sequi2, University Museum Network (SMA), University of Bologna, Italy (2) Department of Biomedical Science (DIBINEM), University of Bologna, Italy. ‘ALIVE CEROPLASTICS’ 4D Representations’.

15:10 – 15:40 Coffee Break

15:40 – 16:00 Mirando Razo, Independent Craftsman and Educator, Mexico City, Mexico. Restoration and Conservation of Wax Objects: The Experience of a Mexican Craftsman

16:00 – 16:20 Eva Åhrén, Unit for Medical History and Heritage, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. ‘Knowing Self and Other: sensational and educational anatomical waxes in Stockholm c. 1900’.

16:20 – 16:40 Violette Mandry, Utrecht University. ‘Lifelikeness and Botany: the case of the first botanical models in wax’.

16:40 – 17:00 Veronica Papa1, Eugenio Polito1, Mauro Vaccarezza2, Department of Human, Social and Health Sciences, Università degli Studi di Cassino, Cassino, Italy1. School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Bentley, Perth2. ‘Studying the statues to learn anatomy’.

17:00 – 17:20 Michael L. Geiges, Curator, Museum of Wax Moulages, University and University Hospital Zurich Scientific coworker, Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich Senior physician, Clinic for Dermatology, University Hospital Zurich. ‘The Museum of Wax Moulages in Zurich’.

Lucia Corrain1, Giuliano Bettini2, Carlo Sarti3, Sandro Ruggeri5, Cristian Mancini4 and Luisa Leonardi5, 1Museum of “Palazzo Poggi” SMA – DARvipem, 2Museum of Veterinary Pathology “Alessandrini Ercolani” SMA – DIMEVET, 3SMA 4DiBiNem, 5Museum of anatomical waxes “Luigi Cattaneo” SMA – DiBiNem.

Annalisa Managlia, Sistema Museale di Ateneo, Alma Mater Studiorum – University of Bologna.
‘Bologna – Redemption wax, Redemption flesh. Origin and evolution of the use of wax modeling for the studying and teaching of Anatomy at the University of Bologna’

Stefania Lotti, Curator of the naturalistic collections, Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica of Florence.
‘The wax models of the Imperiale e Regio Istituto Tecnico Toscano, now at the Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica: a little-known treasure originating from the historical Officina ceroplastica of Florence’

Raffaella Santi, Gabriella Nesi, Pathological Anatomy Section, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
‘Weird beauty: Stories and waxes from the antique dermatological collection of the Pathology Museum of the University of Florence’

Call for Papers

To submit an abstract please contact:

Papers are invited that broadly address the theme of ceroplastics or wax modelling in the following areas:​

Art History
History Religion
Clinical Disciplines

Restoration Collections

Papers are welcomed from Postgraduate students, early career researchers, artists, and can include works in progress, but must address the themes suggested in the Congress.

Presentations should be in English, and will be allocated 15 minutes each.

Prospective participants are invited to submit abstracts of 200 - 300 words in Microsoft Word or plain text.

Proposals must include name, institutional affiliation (if relevant), a short bio (no more than 100 words) and an e-mail address.

Guidelines for posters:

Poster format: Size A1 - 85 cm x 60 cm / 33.1 in x 23.4 in max (portrait).

Please be aware that we are unable to accommodate landscape posters. Presenting authors: (at least one for each poster) must register for the Congress.

Please ensure that you have registered and paid the appropriate registration.

Authors are advised to travel with their posters and not send them prior to their arrival at the conference venue. If you are unable to attend the Congress but you still wish to present a poster you may send it with a colleague or contact the organising committee at: